There are common types of workplace accidents are responsible for the vast majority of work-related injury claims. The most common types of workplace accidents that cause disabling injuries include: overexertion, excessive lifting, pushing, pulling, holding, carrying, throwing and falling.
It is up to your employer to file a workers' compensation claim with their insurance company on your behalf. They won't know to do this until you let them know you are injured. Be seen by a doctor immediately to document your injuries.